PROTECTING YOUR BABY AGAINST COMMON DISEASES. BY MUMMY TOTLAND (AS HEARD ON 92.3FM THURS 10.30AM))

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PROTECTING BABY AGAINST DISEASE

 

Immunization to protect against potentially serious infectious diseases is an essential part of your baby’s health care.  Although cases of polio and diphtheria are rare nowadays.  This is only because large numbers of children have been immunized against them.  Nevertheless, a few cases still occur during most years in Britain, and Polio remains prevalent in many countries.

More “common” preventable illnesses, like measles and whooping cough, which still occur in EPIDEMICS can cause severe complications.  THE MORE CHILDREN WHO ARE IMMUNISED THE RARER THESE DISEASES BECOME.

 

IMMUNIZATIONS AVAILABLE:  During the first year of life, your baby can be protected against:-

1)            DIPHTHERIA,

2)            WHOOPING COUGH

3)            TETANUS (LOCK JAW)

4)            POLIO

5)            MMR – MEASLES, MUMPS & RUBELLA IN BABYS SECOND YEAR.

 

DIPHTHERIA:  This is a dangerous bacterial disease, in which a membrane may form in the back of the nose and throat and obstruct breathing.

 

WHOOPING COUGH (PERTUSSIS):  Whooping cough is a potentially serious epidemic illness, which can be especially dangerous for babies under the age of one year.  For this reason, Immunization is offered as early as possible.

In the past the safety of using the whooping cough vaccine has been a matter of concern.  For majority of babies, the risk from whooping cough complications is far greater than any risk from the vaccine.  THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH STRONGLY RECOMMENDS WHOOPING COUGH VACCINATION.  Except for children who require individual consideration because of their own or their family’s medical history.

VACCINATION SHOULD ALSO BE POSTPONED IF A BABY IS ILL.

 

TETANUS (LOCK JAW):  Tetanus is a potentially fatal infection, which causes severe and painful muscle spasms and stiffness.  It occurs when a wound is contaminated by soil containing Tetanus Spores.

HEPATITIS B:  Babies of mother who carry the Hepatitis B (Liver Infection) virus are given a course of three protective injections. Immunization may also be recommended for babies traveling to countries where Hepatitis B is prevalent.

 

MENINGITIS:  Some babies are currently taking part in trials of a vaccine against bacterial meningitis.  If the vaccine is or has proved successful all babies will be given.

 

TUBERCULOSIS:  Children are usually offered BCG Vaccination at secondary school age.  But babies thought to be at high risk of Tuberculosis infection are offered the vaccine unless they are known to be HIV – positive.

 

TROPICAL DISEASES:  Vaccines are available for some tropical diseases, but not all are suitable for babies.  Example MALARIA, BERI BERI, APOLLO.

 

PROBLEMS WITH IMMUNISATION:  Most children can receive all routine immunizations without any problems.  The doctor or health centre or health visitor will check your baby’s health and family history before immunization and you can ask for advice – IMMUNISATION SHOULD BE POSTPONED IF YOUR BABY HAS AN ACUTE ILLNESS OR FEVER.

 

POLIO:  Polio, which used to be a common disabling disease in Britain, has been almost eradicated through vaccination.  Polio can cause fever, meningitis, paralysis of the limbs and sometimes respiratory paralysis.

 

MEASLES:  Each year in Britain, over 2,000 children are admitted to hospital with measles’ complications.  These can include:

1)            Croup

2)            Pneumonia

3)            Convulsions

4)            Ear infections

5)            Blindness

6)            Permanent Deafness

7)            Brain Damage

 

MUMPS:  Mumps is the commonest cause of viral meningitis, and it can also cause permanent deafness.  Over 1,000 children or more are admitted to hospital each year because of mumps.

 

RUBELLA (GERMAN MEASLES) Symptoms of rubella in childhood may be so mild that they go unnoticed.  But if a woman becomes infected in early pregnancy, her baby can be born deaf, blind or severely handicapped. If your child has severe localized or general reaction to the triple vaccine, further pertussis injections should not be given.

COMMON SIDE EFFECTS:  Sometimes babies are fretful or have a slight fever, or reddened skin around the injection area.  There is no need to worry unless your baby seems distressed and ill. 

The MMR (Measles, Mumps and Rubella) Vaccine sometimes causes mild fever or rash about a week after the injection area.  There is no need to worry.  The rash lasts for about 2 – 3 days.  Occasionally, a mild form of mumps occurs about 3 weeks after vaccination.

 

IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE  0 – 5 YEARS

VACCINE

AGE

COMMENT

TRIPLE VACCINE                DPT

(DIPHTHERIA

TETANUS

WHOOPING COUGH & POLIO BY MOUTH

2 MONTHS

3 MONTHS

 

4 MONTHS

1st Dose

2nd Dose

 

3rd Dose

MMR (MEASLES, MUMPS RUBELLA)

12-18 MONTHS

(USUALLY BEFORE 15 MONTHS)

 

DIPHTHERIA TETANUS POLIO

4 – 5 YEARS

“BOOSTER”

IMMUNIZATION

MMR (MEASLES, MUMPS RUBELLA

4 – 5 YEARS

IF MISSED EARLIER IN LIFE

The MMR vaccine can be given regardless of whether or not your child has had measles, mumps or rubella infection.

BCG VACCINATION

ORAL POLIO

AT 1 MONTH AGE

AT 1 MONTH AGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

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About titithedynamite

Wife, Mom, ON AIR PERSONALITY WITH THE NO1 FAMILY RADIO STATION IN NIGERIA, INSPIRATION 92.3 FM (www.inspirationradio.fm 10.30AM-1.30PM GMT+1). live stream. (THE MIDDAY CAFE ON 92.3 INSPIRATION FM) An Aspiring Author, with quite a few short stories online in my Blog. Alumni University of Lagos, English Language. Planning to take a Masters course in Media and Public Relations with a University in England, as well as a Certificate course in Broadcasting at Pan African University Lagos, Nigeria. HOST MNET FACE OF AFRICA OPENING CEREMONY 2010.[MNET AFRICA] HOST NIGERIAN MUSIC VIDEO AWARDS 2010 LAGOS.{KALIVISION NETWORK} HOST OPENING CEREMONY OF WAKANOW.COM ONLINE TRAVEL AGENCY.2011 (AMBER 11 MEDIA) HOST SISIOGE BEAUTY PAGEANT 2011. CHIEF OPERATIONS OFFICER (COO) OF AMBER 11 MEDIA LIMITED, CLIENT SERVICES AND MEDIA OPERATIONS. Am considered a Nigerian Super-Model, having modeled for almost 8 years in Nigeria South Africa and Ghana. Being a brand representative of brands like Coca Cola, Fanta, V-Mobile, Close up Toothpaste, Xpression hair products numerous Nigerian Banks and Insurance companies. Was a favored choice of many Nigerian Designers such as Tiffany Amber and KSLD, Nobel Afrik, during Fashion shows, because of my curvy figure. Served as MISS LAGOS 2007, representing my state in The Most Beatuiful Girl In Nigeria Pageant, WINNER of the Best Costume of the Year Award, Finishing as a Top Ten Finalist Top 20 finalist West African Idols 2007

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